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Masahiro Hirata | Cultural Anthropology, Professor, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan  [Profile]

Department of Human Science
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine

Inada-cho Nishi 2-11, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, JAPAN

E-mail: masa@obihiro.ac.jp

Academic activities

I was born in Obama City, Fukui Prefecture, central part of Japan in 1967. I did research for vegetation production and livestock grazing in the arid area as the research fellow in International Center for Agricultural research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) located in Syria, developed my carrier to get PhD. degree in Kyoto University, Japan, and then got the Associate Professor at Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. My current specialty is cultural anthropology, pastoralism study and milk culture study.
I study pastoralism and milk culture over the Eurasian Continent. Especially, milk culture is targeted to analyze its characteristics and uses in the life of pastoralists through the observation in fields. My most fruitful outcome through the last 25 years’ fieldwork is to hypothesize “monism-bipolarization of milk culture in the Eurasian Continent”, based on the vast case studies of milk culture.

Academic publications

Books
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2018.Ecological resources and those changes of pastoralists in Eurasian arid areas. In: I. Yamada, J. Akamine and M. Hirata (eds.), Ecological resources, Showa publishers, Kyoto, pp. 205-230.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2018.Characteristics of pastoralism in north Asia. In: H. Takakura (ed.), Cultural-ecological history in cold Asia, Tohoku Univeristy Press, Senday, pp. 92-114.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Maria Yotova, 2017. The milk processing system in Bulgaria. In: M. Hirata and S.Rakshieva (eds.), Pastoralism in Bulgaria, Volume 1, Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum at he Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, pp.11-53.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2017. Food culture of pastoralist, Dairyman Publishers, Sapporo, 116 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2016. Pastoralism and milk culture of the arid area in Eurasian continent. In: M. Hirata (ed.),Domestication and milk utilization based on these regional characteristics -from the perspective of Tani’s hypothesis, Symposium Secretariat hold on 16th and 17th May 2018. Obihiro, pp. 53-63.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2015. Characteristics of Kazakh pastoralist analyzed from the point of milk culture. In: Fujimoto T. and Uyama T. eds., Sixty chapters to know Kazakhstan, Akashi Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, pp. 158-161.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2014. Ten thousand years of human life with milk, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, 204 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2014. Transhumance Adaptation to the Highland from the Perspective of Nutritional Intake. In: Okumiya K. ed., AGING, DISEASE and HEALTH in the HIMALAYAS and TIBET, Rubi Enterprise, New Delhi, pp. 85-92.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2013. The Milk Road: Pastoralism Across Eurasia, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, 485 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2013. Essence and characteristics of pastoralism - from ethnological points of subsistence structure-. In: Oonuma K. ed., Agriculturist and pastoralists in Eurasian dry areas, Rokuichi Shobo, Tokyo, pp. 31-48.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009. Pastoralism as a subsistence. In: The Japanese Association for Arid Land Studies ed., Encyclopedia of desert, Maruzen Co., Ltd., Tokyo, pp. 75.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2008. Cultural sphere and history of fermented milk processing in Asian Continent. In: Ishige N. ed., Fermented milk in the world, Haru Shobo, Tokyo, pp. 174-197.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Hitoshi Shinjyo, 1998. Report for overseas’ animal husbandry -Syria- in 1997 fiscal year, Association for International Cooperation of Agriculture and Forestry, Tokyo, 115 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Haruhiro Fujita, and Akira Miyazaki, 1998. Feed Resource Evaluation in the Marginal Lands of Syria Using Satellite Image Processing. In: R.B. Singh and S. Murai eds., Space Informatics for Sustainable Development, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, p115-124.
Journals
  • Masahiro Hirata , Junko Kimura, Takaho Ueda and TanjaBarattin, 2018. Milk Processing System in Barbasia of Sardinia (Itary) located in Mediterranean Area. Milk Science, 67(2): 65-79.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Ryunosuke Ogawa, BirhaneGebreaneniaGebremedhin, and Koichi Takenaka, 2018. The recent decrease in the number of livestock and its cause for the agri-pastoralists in the Ethiopian highland- From the cases in southern KiliteAwlaelo district in eastern Tigray region. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 28(1): 1-15.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Junko Kimura and TanjaBarattin, 2018. Characteristics and Development of Matured Hard Cheese from the Dolomites Mountain Region in Northern Italy, Milk Science, 67(1): 1-14.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Akemi Honda, 2017. Milk Processing System in the Hilly Terrain of Central Nepal. Advances in Dairy Research, 5(4):198.
  • Masahiro Hirata, ShunjiOniki, Masaru Kagatsume, MelakuBerhe, 2017. Dietary intake of Afar pastoralist in the lower highland of northern Ethiopia, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 27(2): 75-89.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2017.”Non-milking”: The relationship between Llamas/Alpacas and Pastoralists Who Do Not Milk Their Livestock – Case Study of Pstoralists in the HuayllaHualylla Community of the Andean Highland. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology, 82(2): 131-150.
  • Masahiro Hirata, MihaelaPersu, Isamu Yamada, 2017.Milk processing in the south Carpathian Mountains in Romania. Milk Science, 66(1): 27-37.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Taija Nan Ryunosuke Ogawa, Shiho Ebihara, Yusuke Bessho, Izumi Hoshi, 2017. Milk processing system of Amdo Tibetan pastoralists and its transition in Qinghai Province, China. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 26(4): 187-196.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Isamu Yamada, Kenji Uchida and HidemasaMotoshima, 2016. The characteristics of milk processing system in Kyrgyz Republicand its historical development, Milk Science, 65(1): 11-23.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Takashi Tsuji, Kenji Uchida, Hidemasa Motoshima and KIMURA Junko Kimura, 2015. Spread and accepted forms of milk culture into non-milk cultural sphere of the Philippines - From the case study of fisherfolk households in Cordova, Mactan Island, Province of Cebu -. Milk Science, 64(3): 191-199.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Tarjya Nam, Ryunosuke Ogawa, Shiho Ebihara, Shinichi Tsumagari, Yusuke Bessho and Izumi Hoshi, 2015. Milk processing system of Amdo Tibetan pastoralists in Qinghai, China - From the case of a settled nomadic household and an agro-pastoral household in the eastern Qinghai -. Milk Science, 64(1): 7-13.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Junko Kimura, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima,2015.Historical development process of matured cheese - From the case study of northern Italy, south Europe -. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 86(1): 1-11.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Nozomi Itagaki, Kenji Uchida, Masaaki Hanada and Masahito Kawai, 2013.Reproduction and identification of ancient dairy products in South Asia based on the old and middle Indo-Aryan literatures, “Vedic ritual” and “Pāli canon”. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 84(2): 175-190.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Shunji Oniki, Masaru Kagatsume, Kenji Uchida and Naoya Katano, 2013. Milk processing system and uses of milk products in the middle highland of Ethiopia. Milk Science, 62(1): 1-10.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Monogenesis-Bipolarization of milk culture in the Eurasian Continent. Milk Science, 61(3): 205-215.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Shunji Oniki, 2012. Mobility of settled pastoralists and their coping strategies against drought in the middle-highland area of Ethiopia - from the case studies of Afar region, north-east of Ethiopia, and Oromia region, south of Ethiopia -. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University, 33: 87-99.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Mutually Complementary Relationship between Milk and Milk Products and Meat and Innards as Used by the Mongolian Nomad: Case Study of a Household in Dund-govi Province. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 77(1): 128-143.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Seasonal movement system of a Tibetan Ladakh pastoralist, Karnak-pa, in the western Tibetan plateau -A case from Karnak, Changtang area, the northern slope of western Himalaya, north India -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 13: 113-127.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012.Preliminary survey about the subsistence of a nomad in Chantang area, northern slope of west Himalayan mountain, northern India - From the case study of food intake in a D household of Karnak-pa nomad -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 13: 128-141.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yasuyuki Kosaka, Yasuko Ishimoto, Kazuharu Mizuno, Hirofumi Takiyanagi, Kenji Uchida and Kazuo Ando, 2012. Milk processing system of pastoralist, Brog-pa, in the north-eastern India - A case from cold and humid area in Dirang Circle, West Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh Province -. Milk Science, 61(1): 11-24.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Control of livestock flock in the central Mongolian plateau - Techniques to keep livestock flock near by the camping place -. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 76(2): 182-195.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mariya Yotova and Kenji Uchida, 2011. Milk processing system in the Balkan Mountains, central Bulgaria - A hypothesis on the development history of mature cheese using mold -. Milk Science, 60(2): 85-98.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Tadasu Urashima, 2011. Milk processing system and uses of milk products in Indonesia - Discussion on spread of milk processing techniques from milk cultural sphere to non milk cultural sphere -. Milk Science, 60(1): 7-15.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Archaeological estimation of arigin of milking in the Eurasian Continent and monism-bipolarization hypothesis. Journal of Dairy History, 5: 1-12.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011.Milk processing system in southern Peru, Andean highland - diffusion and transition on milk processing in areas where milk processing had not been conducted -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 12: 123-131.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Characteristics of transhumance in Ladakh, Himaraya - Complex system among agriculture, pastoralism and broad trade -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 12: 40-59.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2010. Analyses of regional diversity and transition history of milk processing system in North Asia. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 75(3): 395-416.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mariya Yotova, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010. Milk processing system in the South-west of Bulgaria. Milk Science, 59(3): 237-253.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mai Kiyota,2010. Milk processing system in the hilly terrain, south-central France - From case studies of the dairy farmers in Auvergne Region -. Milk Science, 59(2): 103-114.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2010.Subsistence of agro-pastoralists in hilly high altitude of Ladakh, northern India -From point view of food intake in Domkhar villages-. Himalayan Study Monographs, 11: 61-77.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yuko Yoneda, Hideko Ariga, Masaaki Hanada, Masahito Kawai, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010.Reproduction and identification of ancient dairy products in East Asiabased on “SEIMINYOUJYUTU”. Milk Science, 59(1): 9-22.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Saori Kishikawa, Akihiko Kondoh, Tsutomu Yamanaka, Ichirow Kaihotsu, Batmunkh Damdin, Akio Hongo, 2009. Effects of some environmental factors on the plant growth in the central Mongolian plateau. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 19(2): 403-411.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009.Milk processing system in Ladak, northern India. Himalayan Study Monographs, 10: 73-85.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009. Milk processing system in Caucasia - From case studies of the agro-pastoralists in Georgia and Armenia-. Milk Science, 58(1): 1-14.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2008. Ancestry of milk processing system from fermented milk processing series to cream separating series - From the case study of agro-pastoralists in Syria -. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 18(2): 57-65.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Aibibula Yimamu, 2008. Milk Processing Systems in the south-east Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 4: 31-43.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Kazato Ohishi, Kanako Muramatu, Ichirow Kaihotu, Aya Nishiwaki, Jyoken Ishida, and Hiroyuki Hirooka, 2007. "Estimation of plant biomass and plant water mass through dimensional measurements of plant volume in the Dund-Govi Province, Mongolia". Grassland Science, 53(4): 217-225.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, Tursunay Leym, Sha-Zhou An, Jing-Zhong Zhu, Masaaki Hanada, Meiji Okamoto, Tadahiko Okubo, Mari Kazato and Akio Hongo
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, Tursunay Leym, Sha-Zhou An, Jing-Zhong Zhu, Masaaki Hanada, Meiji Okamoto, Tadahiko Okubo, Mari Kazato and Akio Hong, 2007. Sedentary policy and changes of subsistence system on pastoralists in the Ashili Kazakh Village, Changji City, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 17(3): 123-131.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2007. Seasonal Movement System of Pastoral Camps in the Central Mongolia -Could the Sedentariness Possibly Happen on the Mongolian Pastoral Subsistence ?-. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 17(2): 71-76.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, 2007. Milk Processing Systems in the central Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 3: 1-9.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Kenji Uchida, Hidemasa Motoshima, Batmunkh Damdin, 2007. Milk Processing Systems in central Mongolia: From case studies in Töw, Arqangai and Öwörqangai Provinces of Mongolia. Milk Science, 56(1): 9-19.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mutsuyo Kadohira, Fumi Mizutani, Kazuha Matsumoto, Hiroshi Koaze, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2006. Milk Processing Systems in East Africa. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University and Agriculture, 27: 105-112.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mutsuyo Kadohira, Fumi Mizutani, Kazuha Matsumoto, Hiroshi Koaze, Masatoshi Sato, 2006. Preliminary survey on the role of large-scale ranch in conserving wild animals and plants: From a case study in Kenya highland. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University and Agriculture, 27: 69-75.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2006.Milk Processing Systems in Altai regions: From case studies in Altai District, Iri・Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture,Hsinchiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 2: 2-15.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Ichirow Kaihotsu, Batmunkh Damdin, Yuji Toukura and Akio Hongo, 2005. Seasonal movement system of pastoral camps in Dund-Govi Province, Mongolia. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 15(3): 139-149.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2005. Milk processing system and distribution of milk products in a western India. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 15(2): 65-77.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Hitoshi Shinjyo, Haruhiro Fujita, Gustav Gintzbuuger, Jyoken Ishida and Akira Miyazaki, 2005. "Measurement of above-ground plant biomass, forage availability and grazing impact by combining satellite image processing and field survey in a dry area of north-eastern Syria”. Grass and Forage Science, 60: 25-33.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Ryuichi Hara, 2004.Diversity of milk processing systems in a southern Iran. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 14(2): 115-120.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2004. Transition of milk processing system in an eastern part of the Tibetan plateau. Journal of linguistic and cultural studies, 22: 159-176.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2004. Transition of Milk Processing System in an Eastern Part of the Tibetan Plateau. Ecosofhia,14: 81-100.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2003. The Dualism of the Milk Culture Sphere in the Arid Area of Eurasia. Journal of West Asian Archaeology, 4: 21-30.
  • Yukiko Himeno, Masahiro Hirata, Jyoken Ishida and Hiroyuki Hrooka, 2003.「Series Analysis of Traditional Milk Processing Systems through Milk Processing Elements (2) Classification and the central goal-oriented intentions of the milk processing elements, Milk Science, 52(1): 41-47.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yukiko Himeno, Jyoken Ishida and Hiroyuki Hrooka, 2002.Series Analysis of Traditional Milk Processing Systems through Milk Processing Elements (1) Extraction of Milk Processing elements. Milk Science, 51(3): 121-132.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2002. Milk Processing System in Sayncagaan and Deren Districts of Dondo-Govi Province of Mongolia. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 12(1): 1-11.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2002. Milk Processing Systems in Central Asia - Cases from Kazakh Pastoralists -. The Japanese Journal of Ethnology (MINZOKUGAKU-KENKYU), 67(2): 158-182.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Hitoshi Shinjyo, Haruhiro Fujita, Gustave Gintzburger, and Akira Miyazaki, 2001. Vegetation classification by satellite image processing in a dry area of north-eastern Syria. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22(4): 507-516.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Haruhiro Fujita, Jyoken Ishida, Masayuki Kitagawa and Akira Miyazaki, 1999. Historical Changes in Grazing Forms of Arabian Pastoralists in Syria. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 9(4): 257-266.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Hitoshi Shinjo, Masayuki Kitagawa, Jyoken Ishida, Takashi Kosaki and Akira Miyazaki, 1999. Trends of Livestock Production by Private Farmers in Kazakhstan after Independence, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 9(2): 125-134.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 1999. Dairy processing systems in south-eastern Asia: A case from an Arabian pastoralist, Baqqāra, in a north-eastern Syria. Ecosofhia, 3: 118-135.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Haruhiro Fujita, and Akira Miyazaki, 1998. Changes in grazing areas and feed resources in a dry area of north-eastern Syria. Journal of Arid Environments, 40: 319-329.

Maria Yotova | Associate Professor, Ritsumeikan University, Japan  [Profile]

School of Gastronomy Management
Ritsumeikan University

1-1-1 Noji higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan

E-mail: maria-y@fc.ritsumei.ac.jp

Academic activities

Born in 1978 in Botevgrad, Sofia region, Bulgaria. As a fellow of the Japanese Ministry of Education she studies cultural anthropology with a focus on food and national identity. In her dissertation, based on fieldwork in Bulgaria and Japan, she examines the rise of yogurt from a culturally specific food to a global health-giving product. After acquiring her PhD at the Nationa Museum of Ethnology, Japan, she has been an affiliated researcher at the same instituton and a visiting lecturer at several Japanese universities such as Kyoto University, Shiga Prefecture University and Kwansei Gakuin University. Now she teaches cultural anthropology, food culture, world food and economy, etc. at Ritsumeikan University. While continuing her studies on foodways and culinary traditions in Bulgaria and Japan, she also pays attention to the developmen of the national food education campaign in Japa and alternative food movements such as the organics and Slow Food.

Academic publications

Books
  • Maria Yotova, 2018. Doing fieldwork in Bulgaria, the homeland of yogurt. In: N. Ishige and N. Akasaka (eds.), Studies ofFood and Culture, Tamagawa University, Tokyo, pp.150-161.
  • Maria Yotova, 2017. Between tradition, science and modernity: yogurt representations in post-socialist Bulgaria. In: M. Hirata and S. Rakshieva (eds.),Pastoralism in Bulgaria, Gutenberg Publishing House, Sofia,pp. 87-114.
  • Maria Yotova, 2017. Bulgarian tomato paste “lyutenitsa”: between globalization and the economy of jars. In: М. Arata (ed.), Eating Cultures, Drinking Cultures: Food Business in aGlocalized World. Domes Shuppan, Tokyo, pp. 183-203.
  • Maria Yotova, 2016. Bulgarian immigrants: living between two worlds. In: Y. Konagaya, M. Suzuki and K. Dan (eds.),World Cinema Studies: Seeing the Contemporary World through Movies. Mensei Shuppan, Tokyo, pp. 174-178.
  • Maria Yotova, 2014. Reflecting authenticity: grandmother’s yogurt between Bulgaria and Japan. In:N.Domingos, J. M.Sobral and H. G. West (eds.),Food between the Country and the City: Ethnographies for a Changing Global Foodscape, Bloomsbury Academic. London, pp. 280-308.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. “It is the bacillus that makes our milk”: ethnocentric perceptions of yogurt in post-socialist Bulgaria. In: E. J. Abbots and A.Lavis (eds.), Why We Eat, How We Eat. Contemporary Encounters between Foods and Bodies,Ashgate Publishing,Aldershot, pp. 169-186.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. “Bulgaria, the holy land of yogurt”: abrand myth and management philosophy. In:H. Nakamaki and M. Sedgwick (eds.), Business and Anthropology: A Focus on Sacred Space. Senri Ethnological Studies 82,National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, pp. 87-98.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. Yogurt and Bulgaria: Discourses of Past and Present. Toho Shuppan, Osaka.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. The Balkan sheep: traces in French history. In: Gekkan Minpaku (ed.), The Living Beings That We Eat, Maruzen Shuppan, Tokyo, pp.10-11.
Articles
  • Maria Yotova, 2018. The “goodness” of homemade yogurt: self-provisioningas sustainable food practices in post-socialist Bulgaria.Local Environment. (in print)
  • Maria Yotova, 2017. Ethnographic heritage as a branding strategy: acase study of yogurt in Bulgaria and Japan. Global Economic Review 47(1): 47-62.
  • Maria Yotova, 2016. “Right” food, “responsible” citizens: state-promoted food education and a food dilemma in Japan. Asian Pacific Viewpoint, 57(3):326-337.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. Milk in Bulgaria: traditions lost and created. Jinken to buraku mondai, 65(7): 56-61.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. Representations of yogurt in post-socialist Bulgaria: The museum exhibition in the region of Tran. Sokendai Review of Cultural and Social Studies, 8: 159-176.
  • Maria Yotova, 2011. “Bulgaria, the homeland of yogurt”: traditional food as ethnocentric discourse. Bulgarian Ethnology, 36 (4): 33-55.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Maria Yotova, Kenji Uchida, 2011. The milk processing system in the Balkan Mountains, central Bulgaria: A hypothesis on the development history of mature cheese using mold. MilkScience, 60(2): 85-98.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Maria Yotova, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010. The milk processing system in the South-west of Bulgaria. Milk Science, 59(3): 237-253.
  • Maria Yotova, 2010. A comparative research on yogurt in Japan and South Korea. Mishima Foundation Reports, 46:151-154.
  • Maria Yotova, 2010. The Bulgarian yogurt traditions: changes and interpretations in a post-socialism reality.MinpakuAnthropologyNewsletter, 31: 6-7.

Svetla Rumenova Rakshieva | Ethnologist,Associated professor, Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum, BULGARIA  [Profile]

Bulgaria, Sofia 1000, No6-А Moskovska street

E-mail: iefem.kancelaria@gmail.com

E-mail: sve_rakshieva@abv.bg

Academic activities

Born in 1959 in the town of Kardzhali, Bulgaria. Graduated Sofia University “St. KlimentOhridski”, faculty of History, specialty Ethnography, in 1982 as a MA in History. In the period 1983 – 1992 – a PhD-student in the Ethnographic institute with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. In 1992 defended a PhD thesis entitled “Bulgarian traditional mobile sheepherding” (533 pages, unpublished), devoted to the problems of typology and classification of the forms of mobile pastoralism in Bulgarian ethnic territory in the period 15-th – the middle of the 20-th century. Two general types of mobile pastoralism and their variants have been taken in consideration: the Transhumance of Bulgarian shepherds and the Nomadism of Sarakatsans, Arumanians and the Yuruks in the past. Since 2005 – an Assoc. professor, PhD in the Ethnographic institute with Museum – BAS, Current Ethnologydepartment. In the period 2008 – 2010 – a Chief curator of the Ethnographic Museum at the EIM – BAS. Since 2010 – a research fellow, Assoc. prof. PhD at the department Ethnology of Socialism and Post-socialism at the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies (IEFSEM) – BAS. Participant in the project C.A.N.E.P.A.L. (Culture and Nature: The European Heritage of Sheep Farming and Pastoral Life) – Culture Programme of EU in 2010 – 2014.

Academic publications

Books
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1999. Traditsionnoto zhivotnovadstvo v Loveshko [Traditional popular herdsmanship in Lovech region]. – In: Ethnographic and folkloristic researches of Bulgaria. Lovech region. Sofia 1999, pp. 31 – 78 (with pictures and illustration of the author – 9 tables and 1 map). Academic Publishing House “Marin Drinov”.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2002. Traditsionnoto zemedelie v Sakar [Traditional popular agriculture in Sakar] – In: Ethnographic and folkloristic researches of Bulgaria. Sakar mountain, pp. 20 – 89 (with pictures and illustration of the author – 9 tables and 1 map). Sofia 2002. Academic Publishing House “Marin Drinov”. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2002. Traditsionnoto zhivotnovadstvo v Sakar [Traditional herdsmanship in Sakar region]. – In: Ethnographic and folkloristic researches of Bulgaria. Sakar mountain...., pp. 90 – 116.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2002. Dobavuchni pominatsi [Supplementary occupations]. – In: Ethnographic and folkloristic researches of Bulgaria. Sakar mountain...., pp. 117 – 126. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2008. Pastiri, putishta, migratsii prez Sakar i okolnite ravnini (XV – sredata na XX vek). [Herdsmen, Routes, Migrations across Sakar and the surrounding plains (XV- the mid-XX c.) -In: Svetlana Ivanova (editor). Ethnic and Cultural Spaces in the Balkans. Contributions in honour of Prof. Dsc. Tsvetana Georgieva. Part 2. Contemporary times – Ethnological Discourses, pp. 175 – 219. Sofia 2008, St. Kliment Ohridsky University Press,(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla,1997. Transhumans i nomadizam v Trakija [Transhumance and Nomadism in Thrace]. – In: Trakietsat i negoviyat svyat [Thracian people and their world]. Sofia 1997, pp. 148 – 156.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1998. Transhumantnoto pastirstvo v etnichnata teritoriya na balgarite [Transhumance in Bulgarian ethnic area]. –In: Болгарский ежегодник (Болгарский щорічник), т. ІІІ, Киів 1998. Изд. на Міжреспубліканьска наукова асоціація болгаристів. Киівский інститут. Слов’янський університет, pp. 163 – 192, with 1 map. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2003. Imagining Identity. From the Living of Arumanians in Socialist Bulgaria. – In: Socialism – reality and illusions. Еthnological Aspects of everyday Culture. Sofia. 2003, pp. 209 – 217.
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2003. “Bakitsa v Bulgaria...” Po problema identichnost i rodina sred armunite ot Chepino v minaloto i dnes [“Bakitsa in Bulgaria…” On the problem of identity and motherland among Aromanians from Chepino in the past and today]. – In: Jubileen sbornik v chest na prof. Jordan Jordanov [Contributions in honour of Prof. Jordan Jordanov]. Veliko Tarnovo 2003, pp. 383 – 386.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2010. Chepinskite Vlasi [The Vlachs in Chepino valley] – In: Contributions of the conference “Velingrad – Chepino valley – Tsepina in the millennial history of North-Western Rhodopes”, Sofia 2010, pp. 215 – 227. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva. S., I. Mishkova, 2011.Researchtheme 2:ARCHITECTURE. ResearchReportforBulgaria, November 2011. CANEPALprojectPublications. (in English)
  • Rakshieva. Svetla, 2011. Researchtheme 4: Transhumance Routes. Research Report for Bulgaria. CANEPALproject Publications. November 2011. (in English)
  • Rakshieva. S., S. Milyov, V. Yordanova, I. Mishkova, 2011.Researchtheme3: Pastoral Life. Everyday Life. ResearchReportforBulgaria, December 2011. CANEPALprojectPublications.(in English)
  • G. Kraev, L. Boneva, N. Rashkova, S. Rakshieva, 2013. Research Topic 7: Oral Tradition, Myths, Legends, Celebration, Music and Songs. Synthesis Report– CANEPALprojectPublications. 7ORAL_TRADITION_SYNTHESIS_1.pdf. a separate book.(in Bulgarian and in English)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2017. Tradition and Innovation: a case-study of contemporary sheep farmers in Bulgaria. In: Hirata, M., S. Rakshieva (eds.) Pastoralism in Bulgaria. Vol. 1, pp. 115 – 148. Sofia 2017, Gutenberg publishing house. (in Bulgarian and in English)
  • Rakshieva, S., E. Mincheva (eds.) Pastoralism in Bulgaria. Vol. 2. Catalogue. Sofia 2017, Gutenberg publishing house. (annotations in Bulgarian and in English).
Articles
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1987. Formi na traditsionno ovtsevadstvo v rayona na Stara planina(XIX – nachaloto na XX vek) [Types of traditional sheepherding in the region of Stara planina/the Balkan range (XIX – the early XX c.)]. – In: II International congress of Bulgaristics. Contributions, vol. Х. Ethnography, Sofia 1987, pp. 24 – 30. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1994. Traditsionnoto ovtsevadstvo v Тetevensko (ХІХ – sredata na ХХ vek) [Traditional sheepherding in Teteven region (ХІХ – the mid-ХХ c.)] – Bulgarska Etnologia [Bulgarian Ethnology], 1993, v. 5-6, pp. 33 – 55 with illustrations of the author. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1994. The Reclaimed territory in the notions of Transhumant Shepherds. – In: Ethnos, III, Bucarest 1994, pp. 98 – 103. (in English)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1995. Problemat za tipologiyata na podvizhnoto pastirstvo vbulgarskite zemi [The Problem of the Typology of Mobile Herdsmanship in Bulgarianarea]. – Bulgarska Etnologia [Bulgarian Ethnology] 1995, v. 4, pp. 3 – 21.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1996. Pastirite ot Gramos [The Shepherds from Grammos]. – In:Bulgarska Etnologia [Bulgarian Ethnology], 1996, v. 1, pp. 53 – 66.(in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2001. Sledi ot prisastvie na pastiri-arumani po Tsentralniya Balkan [Traces by the presence of Aromanian shepherds along the Central Balkan range].- In: Narodna kultura na balkandzhiite [Popular culture of the so-called ‘Balkandzhii’], vol. ІІ, Gabrovo 2001, pp. 5 – 11. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1997. The Nomadic Aromunians’ Concept of a Territory under Control. (in English) – Ethnologia Balkanica, vol. 1, Sofia – Münster – New York 1997, pp. 196 – 205 (with a map). (in English)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 1998. Predstavi na nomadite-aromani za usvoenata teritoriya [The Nomadic Aromunians’ Concept of a Territory under Control]. – Bulgarska Etnologia [Bulgarian Ethnology], 1998, vol. 1-2, pp. 59 – 68. (in Bulgarian)
  • Rakshieva, Svetla, 2012. Oral tradition and cultural heritage represented in CANEPAL project. – In: Pierre Del Porto (ed.). The European Heritage if Sheep Farming and Pastoral Life. Salon International de l’Agriculture Show, pp. 106 - 112. Porte de Versailles, Paris. Edition AFMA, Paris 2012. (in English)

Maria Markova | Ethnologist, Assistant professor, Department “Historical Ethnology”, Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum  [Profile]

Bulgaria, Sofia, 6-A Moskovska street

E-mail: m_tarnovska@abv.bg

Academic activities

Born in 1970 in Kardzhali, Bulgaria. Graduated the Faculty of History in Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridsky” – a M.A. in History, specialty Ethnology. In 1998-2001 – a PhD-student in the Institute of Ethnography at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.In her doctoral thesis “Food and nutrition: between nature and culture” (303 p.) various problems about the code of nutritive system and the basic ideas of nature and culture of Bulgarian society in the pre-industrial period - the general concepts for constructing and imagining the organized Cosmos.After the public defense of her PhD thesis, she worked as a museum curator at the Ethnographic museum in EIM. Later on she became a Senior Assistant in “Historical Ethnology” department at the same institute.Currently she continues her researches upon the culinary code regarding various pre-modern, modern and current technologies and ideas, their incorporation in everyday life and rituals, as well as particular semiotic and mythological aspects of food.

Academic publications

Books
  • Markova, Maria, 2018. The Semiotic Function of Taste and Odour of Food (based on evidence from Bulgarian traditional folk culture). – In: Sharlanova, V. (ed.). With Ethnography in Search of Meaning. Sofia, pp. 81-91. ISBN 978-954-322-930-7.(in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2017. Aboutthe „first“ andthe „final“ mealsinpastoral ritual calendar related to the start and the finish of milking season. – In: PastoralisminBulgaria. vol. I, Gutenberg Publishing house, Sofia 2017, pp. 54-86. ISBN 978-619-176-102-9. (in Bulgarian and in English)
  • Markova, Maria, 2016. Space and nutrition system code in Bulgarian traditional notions. Mythological aspects. –In: Традиционалнаестетскакултура ПРОСТОР [Traditional Aesthetic Culture. SPACE].Beograd – Nish, pp. 101-116. ISBN 978-86-7025-585-2. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2016. The nutrition of Bride and Groom in the course of wedding. – In: Ethnographic problems of folk culture, vol. XI, Academic Publishing house „Prof. Marin Drinov“, Sofia, pp. 189-214. ISBN 978-954-322-847-8. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2015. Food, Erotic and Traditional Bulgarians. – In: Жунић, Драган (ed.). Традиционална естетска култура[Traditional Aesthetic Culture]. vol. VІ ЕROS. Nish, pp. 149-165. ISBN 978-86-7025-559-3. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2014. The Garden in “This” and the “Other” world according to the concepts of the traditional Bulgarians. – In: Жунић, Драган (ed.). Традиционална естетска култура. [Traditional Aesthetic Culture]. vol. VІІ ВРТ. Издателство „Линија принт” [“Linia print”Publishers], Beograd – Nish, pp.35-54. ISBN 978-86-7025-584-5. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2014. About some social aspects in the concepts of the woman in labour. –In: Goev, A. (ed. and compiler). Food – Sacral and Prophane. Vol. ІІІ. “Faber”Publishing house, Gabrovo, pp. 197-211. ISBN 978-619-00-0076-1.Available athttp://www.etar.org/izdania/img/hranatasakralna-3.pdf. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2013. Structure and organization of nutrition of the community regarding the new-born and infant (on evidence of Bulgarian tradition). – In: Аnchev, А. (compiler). Етнографски проблеми на народната култура [Ethnographic Problems of Folk Culture],Sofia.vol. ХХ, Academic Publishing house „Prof. Marin Drinov“, Sofia, pp. 279-328. ISBN 978-954-322-685-6. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2013. Nutritional code and the masked personages. – in: The Route of Masquerade. „Аrgus” Publishing house, Pernik, pp. 151-168. ISBN Е 978-954-8944-18-2. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2013. The sweet food of bride and groom in the course of wedding. – in: Goev, А. (ed. and compiler). The Erotic in History, vol. ІІІ, „Faber” Publishing house, Gabrovo, pp. 100-117. ISBN 978-954-400-918-2.Available athttp://www.etar.org/izdania/img/erotika_2013.pdf. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2013. The memory of Food and Nutrition. – In: Luleva, А. (ed. and compiler). Българският ХХ век. Колективна памет и национална идентичност [The Bulgarian XX century. Collective memory and national identity]. Gutenberg Publising house,Sofia, pp. 189-199. ISBN 978-619-176-002-2. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2012. Structure and organization of nutrition of the new-borns and infants. – In: Popov, R., Y. Маnkova (eds and compilers). Известия на музеите в Северозападна България [Bulletin of the Museums in North-Western Bulgaria]. ХІV National Conference of Bulgarian Ethnologists and Folklorists “The World of Children”, Vratsa, May 3-4, 2012. vol. XXXIII, РК, Бекарт [Beckart Publishers], Vratsa, pp. 1-11. ISSN 0204-4013. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2011. The Bride as a subject of nutrition in the wedding. – In: Baeva, I. (scientific ed.), Е. Georgieva, N. Todorova (compilers). The world of Bulgarians in the ХХ century. „Paradigma” Publishing house, Sofia, pp. 298-309. ISBN 978-954-326-159-8. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2011.Thenutritionofthe “regular”andthe “irregular”deceasedaccording tothetraditionalBulgarianbeliefs. –In: Петровић, Ср. (ed. and compiler). Етно-културолошки зборник [Ethno-Cultural Proceedings].vol. ХV,Етно-културолошка радионица-Сврљиг [Ethno-Cultural workshop in Svrlig], Svrlig, pp. 45-64. UDC 008:39(082.1).ISВN 978-86-907131-2-7. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2011. The Nutritional Regime 24 hours a day according to the concepts of traditional Bulgarians. – In: Yankov, А. (compiler). Годишник на Регионален етнографски музей – Пловдив [Annual Reports of the Regional Ethnographic Museum in Plovdiv], vol. VI, „Блаком ЕООД-Пловдив” [Blacom Ltd – Plovdiv Publishers], Plovdiv, pp. 58-70. ISSN 1314-5509. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2011 The “Pure”- “Impure” Dichotomy and the System of the nutritional code in Bulgarian tradition. – In: Аnchev, А. (compiler). Етнографски проблеми на народната култура [Ethnographic Problems of Folk Culture].vol. VIII, АИ „Проф. М. Дринов”[Academic Publishing house „Prof. Marin Drinov”], Sofia, pp. 177-220. ISBN 978-954-322-474-6. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2011. Food and Nutrition between Nature and Culture. АИ „Проф. М. Дринов“ [Academic Publishing house „Prof. Marin Drinov”], Sofia,336 p. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2010. Traditional bread-leaven of Bulgarians. – In: Vasilev, К. (ed.). Научни трудове на УХТ [Scientific Publications of the College of Food Technologies], vol. LVII, part 1 (Scientific conference with international participants „Nutritive Science, Technique and Technologies 2010”, Plovdiv). АИ УХТ-Пловдив, Plovdiv, pp. 189-194. ISSN 0477-0250. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2010. The last feeding of St. George’s offering among Bulgarians and Serbians. – In: Петровић, Ср. (ed.). Етно-културолошки зборник [Ethno-Cultural Almanach].Vol. ХІV, Етнокултуролошка радионица – Сврљиг [Ethno-Cultural Workshop – Svrlig], Сврљиг [Svrlig], pp. 15-26. UDC 088:39(05); ISSN 0354-7485. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2010. Sensory classification of Bulgarian traditional foods. – In: Goev, А. (ed. and compiler). Food – Sacred and Prophane. vol. І, „Faber” Publishing house, Габрово, pp. 5-29. ISBN: 978-954-400-292-3.Available athttp://www.etar.org/izdania/img/hranatasakralna.pdf. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2008. Ritual processing of the body of new-born Bulgarian. – In: Маджаров, Дж., К. Стоилов [Madzharov, J., K. Stoilov (eds.)]. В света на човека – Сборник в чест на проф. д.и.н. Ив. Георгиева [In the world of Humans. Proceedings in honour of Prof. Dr. Iv. Georgieva].vol. II, University Publishing house “St. Kliment Ohridsky”,Sofia, pp. 205-218. ISBN 978-954-07-2716-5. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2006. In-laws, bestmanship and the nutritive code. – In: Popov, R., А. Gencheva (eds). Ethnographic Etudes. A collection of articles and studies in honour of the 70-th anniversary since the birth of Prof. Stoyan Genchev (1936-1990). „Faber” Printing house – Veliko Tarnovo, Sofia, pp.253-284. ISBN-10: 954-8458-31-4; ISBN-13: 978-954-8458-31-3. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2006. The Grand-mother and the Grand-son: ritual meals and tables. – In: Popov, R. (ed.). The Ritual Table.Печат „Унискорп ООД” [“Uniscorp Ltd”Printing house], Sofia, pp. 130-141. ISBN 954-8458-29-2. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, M. Pork or sheep meat? [inBulgarian]. – In: Tepavicharov, V. (ed.) Ethnologia Academica, vol. 3. Balkanite i kulturata na balkanskite narodi [The Balkans and the Culture of Balkan peoples]. Sofia 2003, pp. 101 – 115. “IF – 94” Publishers. ISBN 954-90589-8-0. (in Bulgarian)
Articles
  • Markova, Maria, 2010. Animals, Humans and the nutritive code. – Българска етнология[Bulgarian Ethnology], №3, pp. 37-56. ISSN 1310-5213. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2007. The primitive culinary “vessels” of organic origin and the related meals. – Минало [Past magazine], № 2, pp. 35-43. ISSN-1310-3415. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2006. The traditional food and the economic-cultural classification agriculturalists - pastoralists. – Българска етнология[Bulgarian Ethnology], № 2, pp. 161-173. ISSN 1310-5213. (in Bulgarian)
  • Markova, Maria, 2006. The traditional technology of Bulgarian yoghurt. – Минало [Past magazine], № 2, 48-56. ISSN-1310-3415. (in Bulgarian)
  • arkova, M. Breast milk as the first food [in Bulgarian]. – Минало[Past magazine], № 1, 2001, pp. 46-54. ISSN-1310-3415. (in Bulgarian)

Elka Mincheva | Archiving and Information, The Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Science, BULGARIA