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Masahiro Hirata | Cultural Anthropology, Associate Professor, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan  [Profile]

Department of Agro-Environmental Science
School of Agriculture
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine

Inada-cho Nishi 2-11, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, JAPAN

E-mail: masa@obihiro.ac.jp

Academic activities

I was born in Obama City, Fukui Prefecture, central part of Japan in 1967. I did research for vegetation production and livestock grazing in the arid area as the research fellow in International Center for Agricultural research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) located in Syria, developed my carrier to get PhD. degree in Kyoto University, Japan, and then got the Associate Professor at Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. My current specialty is cultural anthropology, pastoralism study and milk culture study.
I study pastoralism and milk culture over the Eurasian Continent. Especially, milk culture is targeted to analyze its characteristics and uses in the life of pastoralists through the observation in fields. My most fruitful outcome through the last 25 years’ fieldwork is to hypothesize “monism-bipolarization of milk culture in the Eurasian Continent”, based on the vast case studies of milk culture.

Academic publications

Books
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2015. Characteristics of Kazakh pastoralist analyzed from the point of milk culture. In: Fujimoto T. and Uyama T. eds., Sixty chapters to know Kazakhstan, Akashi Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, pp. 158-161.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2014. Ten thousand years of human life with milk, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, 204 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2014. Transhumance Adaptation to the Highland from the Perspective of Nutritional Intake. In: Okumiya K. ed., AGING, DISEASE and HEALTH in the HIMALAYAS and TIBET, Rubi Enterprise, New Delhi, pp. 85-92.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2013. The Milk Road: Pastoralism Across Eurasia, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, Tokyo, 485 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2013. Essence and characteristics of pastoralism - from ethnological points of subsistence structure-. In: Oonuma K. ed., Agriculturist and pastoralists in Eurasian dry areas, Rokuichi Shobo, Tokyo, pp. 31-48.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009. Pastoralism as a subsistence. In: The Japanese Association for Arid Land Studies ed., Encyclopedia of desert, Maruzen Co., Ltd., Tokyo, pp. 75.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2008. Cultural sphere and history of fermented milk processing in Asian Continent. In: Ishige N. ed., Fermented milk in the world, Haru Shobo, Tokyo, pp. 174-197.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Hitoshi Shinjyo, 1998. Report for overseas’ animal husbandry -Syria- in 1997 fiscal year, Association for International Cooperation of Agriculture and Forestry, Tokyo, 115 pp.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Haruhiro Fujita, and Akira Miyazaki, 1998. Feed Resource Evaluation in the Marginal Lands of Syria Using Satellite Image Processing. In: R.B. Singh and S. Murai eds., Space Informatics for Sustainable Development, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, p115-124.
Journals
  • Masahiro Hirata, Isamu Yamada, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima. The characteristics of milk processing system in Kyrgyz Republic and its historical development, Milk Science (In printing)
  • Masahiro Hirata, Takashi Tsuji, Kenji Uchida, Hidemasa Motoshima and KIMURA Junko Kimura, 2015. Spread and accepted forms of milk culture into non-milk cultural sphere of the Philippines - From the case study of fisherfolk households in Cordova, Mactan Island, Province of Cebu -. Milk Science, 64(3): 191-199.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Tarjya Nam, Ryunosuke Ogawa, Shiho Ebihara, Shinichi Tsumagari, Yusuke Bessho and Izumi Hoshi, 2015. Milk processing system of Amdo Tibetan pastoralists in Qinghai, China - From the case of a settled nomadic household and an agro-pastoral household in the eastern Qinghai -. Milk Science, 64(1): 7-13.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Junko Kimura, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima,2015.Historical development process of matured cheese - From the case study of northern Italy, south Europe -. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 86(1): 1-11.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Nozomi Itagaki, Kenji Uchida, Masaaki Hanada and Masahito Kawai, 2013.Reproduction and identification of ancient dairy products in South Asia based on the old and middle Indo-Aryan literatures, “Vedic ritual” and “Pāli canon”. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho, 84(2): 175-190.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Shunji Oniki, Masaru Kagatsume, Kenji Uchida and Naoya Katano, 2013. Milk processing system and uses of milk products in the middle highland of Ethiopia. Milk Science, 62(1): 1-10.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Monogenesis-Bipolarization of milk culture in the Eurasian Continent. Milk Science, 61(3): 205-215.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Shunji Oniki, 2012. Mobility of settled pastoralists and their coping strategies against drought in the middle-highland area of Ethiopia - from the case studies of Afar region, north-east of Ethiopia, and Oromia region, south of Ethiopia -. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University, 33: 87-99.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Mutually Complementary Relationship between Milk and Milk Products and Meat and Innards as Used by the Mongolian Nomad: Case Study of a Household in Dund-govi Province. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 77(1): 128-143.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012. Seasonal movement system of a Tibetan Ladakh pastoralist, Karnak-pa, in the western Tibetan plateau -A case from Karnak, Changtang area, the northern slope of western Himalaya, north India -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 13: 113-127.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2012.Preliminary survey about the subsistence of a nomad in Chantang area, northern slope of west Himalayan mountain, northern India - From the case study of food intake in a D household of Karnak-pa nomad -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 13: 128-141.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yasuyuki Kosaka, Yasuko Ishimoto, Kazuharu Mizuno, Hirofumi Takiyanagi, Kenji Uchida and Kazuo Ando, 2012. Milk processing system of pastoralist, Brog-pa, in the north-eastern India - A case from cold and humid area in Dirang Circle, West Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh Province -. Milk Science, 61(1): 11-24.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Control of livestock flock in the central Mongolian plateau - Techniques to keep livestock flock near by the camping place -. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 76(2): 182-195.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mariya Yotova and Kenji Uchida, 2011. Milk processing system in the Balkan Mountains, central Bulgaria - A hypothesis on the development history of mature cheese using mold -. Milk Science, 60(2): 85-98.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Tadasu Urashima, 2011. Milk processing system and uses of milk products in Indonesia - Discussion on spread of milk processing techniques from milk cultural sphere to non milk cultural sphere -. Milk Science, 60(1): 7-15.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Archaeological estimation of arigin of milking in the Eurasian Continent and monism-bipolarization hypothesis. Journal of Dairy History, 5: 1-12.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011.Milk processing system in southern Peru, Andean highland - diffusion and transition on milk processing in areas where milk processing had not been conducted -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 12: 123-131.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2011. Characteristics of transhumance in Ladakh, Himaraya - Complex system among agriculture, pastoralism and broad trade -. Himalayan Study Monographs, 12: 40-59.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2010. Analyses of regional diversity and transition history of milk processing system in North Asia. Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology (BUNKAJINRUIGAKU), 75(3): 395-416.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mariya Yotova, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010. Milk processing system in the South-west of Bulgaria. Milk Science, 59(3): 237-253.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mai Kiyota,2010. Milk processing system in the hilly terrain, south-central France - From case studies of the dairy farmers in Auvergne Region -. Milk Science, 59(2): 103-114.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2010.Subsistence of agro-pastoralists in hilly high altitude of Ladakh, northern India -From point view of food intake in Domkhar villages-. Himalayan Study Monographs, 11: 61-77.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yuko Yoneda, Hideko Ariga, Masaaki Hanada, Masahito Kawai, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010.Reproduction and identification of ancient dairy products in East Asiabased on “SEIMINYOUJYUTU”. Milk Science, 59(1): 9-22.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Saori Kishikawa, Akihiko Kondoh, Tsutomu Yamanaka, Ichirow Kaihotsu, Batmunkh Damdin, Akio Hongo, 2009. Effects of some environmental factors on the plant growth in the central Mongolian plateau. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 19(2): 403-411.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009.Milk processing system in Ladak, northern India. Himalayan Study Monographs, 10: 73-85.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2009. Milk processing system in Caucasia - From case studies of the agro-pastoralists in Georgia and Armenia-. Milk Science, 58(1): 1-14.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2008. Ancestry of milk processing system from fermented milk processing series to cream separating series - From the case study of agro-pastoralists in Syria -. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 18(2): 57-65.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Aibibula Yimamu, 2008. Milk Processing Systems in the south-east Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 4: 31-43.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Kazato Ohishi, Kanako Muramatu, Ichirow Kaihotu, Aya Nishiwaki, Jyoken Ishida, and Hiroyuki Hirooka, 2007. "Estimation of plant biomass and plant water mass through dimensional measurements of plant volume in the Dund-Govi Province, Mongolia". Grassland Science, 53(4): 217-225.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, Tursunay Leym, Sha-Zhou An, Jing-Zhong Zhu, Masaaki Hanada, Meiji Okamoto, Tadahiko Okubo, Mari Kazato and Akio Hongo
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, Tursunay Leym, Sha-Zhou An, Jing-Zhong Zhu, Masaaki Hanada, Meiji Okamoto, Tadahiko Okubo, Mari Kazato and Akio Hong, 2007. Sedentary policy and changes of subsistence system on pastoralists in the Ashili Kazakh Village, Changji City, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 17(3): 123-131.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2007. Seasonal Movement System of Pastoral Camps in the Central Mongolia -Could the Sedentariness Possibly Happen on the Mongolian Pastoral Subsistence ?-. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 17(2): 71-76.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Aibibula Yimamu, 2007. Milk Processing Systems in the central Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 3: 1-9.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Kenji Uchida, Hidemasa Motoshima, Batmunkh Damdin, 2007. Milk Processing Systems in central Mongolia: From case studies in Töw, Arqangai and Öwörqangai Provinces of Mongolia. Milk Science, 56(1): 9-19.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mutsuyo Kadohira, Fumi Mizutani, Kazuha Matsumoto, Hiroshi Koaze, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2006. Milk Processing Systems in East Africa. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University and Agriculture, 27: 105-112.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Mutsuyo Kadohira, Fumi Mizutani, Kazuha Matsumoto, Hiroshi Koaze, Masatoshi Sato, 2006. Preliminary survey on the role of large-scale ranch in conserving wild animals and plants: From a case study in Kenya highland. Research Bulletin of Obihiro University and Agriculture, 27: 69-75.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2006.Milk Processing Systems in Altai regions: From case studies in Altai District, Iri・Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture,Hsinchiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China. Hokkaido Journal of Ethnology, 2: 2-15.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Ichirow Kaihotsu, Batmunkh Damdin, Yuji Toukura and Akio Hongo, 2005. Seasonal movement system of pastoral camps in Dund-Govi Province, Mongolia. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 15(3): 139-149.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2005. Milk processing system and distribution of milk products in a western India. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 15(2): 65-77.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Hitoshi Shinjyo, Haruhiro Fujita, Gustav Gintzbuuger, Jyoken Ishida and Akira Miyazaki, 2005. "Measurement of above-ground plant biomass, forage availability and grazing impact by combining satellite image processing and field survey in a dry area of north-eastern Syria”. Grass and Forage Science, 60: 25-33.
  • Masahiro Hirata and Ryuichi Hara, 2004.Diversity of milk processing systems in a southern Iran. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 14(2): 115-120.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2004. Transition of milk processing system in an eastern part of the Tibetan plateau. Journal of linguistic and cultural studies, 22: 159-176.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2004. Transition of Milk Processing System in an Eastern Part of the Tibetan Plateau. Ecosofhia,14: 81-100.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2003. The Dualism of the Milk Culture Sphere in the Arid Area of Eurasia. Journal of West Asian Archaeology, 4: 21-30.
  • Yukiko Himeno, Masahiro Hirata, Jyoken Ishida and Hiroyuki Hrooka, 2003.「Series Analysis of Traditional Milk Processing Systems through Milk Processing Elements (2) Classification and the central goal-oriented intentions of the milk processing elements, Milk Science, 52(1): 41-47.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Yukiko Himeno, Jyoken Ishida and Hiroyuki Hrooka, 2002.Series Analysis of Traditional Milk Processing Systems through Milk Processing Elements (1) Extraction of Milk Processing elements. Milk Science, 51(3): 121-132.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2002. Milk Processing System in Sayncagaan and Deren Districts of Dondo-Govi Province of Mongolia. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 12(1): 1-11.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 2002. Milk Processing Systems in Central Asia - Cases from Kazakh Pastoralists -. The Japanese Journal of Ethnology (MINZOKUGAKU-KENKYU), 67(2): 158-182.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Naoki Koga, Hitoshi Shinjyo, Haruhiro Fujita, Gustave Gintzburger, and Akira Miyazaki, 2001. Vegetation classification by satellite image processing in a dry area of north-eastern Syria. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22(4): 507-516.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Haruhiro Fujita, Jyoken Ishida, Masayuki Kitagawa and Akira Miyazaki, 1999. Historical Changes in Grazing Forms of Arabian Pastoralists in Syria. Journal of Arid Land Studies, 9(4): 257-266.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Hitoshi Shinjo, Masayuki Kitagawa, Jyoken Ishida, Takashi Kosaki and Akira Miyazaki, 1999. Trends of Livestock Production by Private Farmers in Kazakhstan after Independence, Journal of Arid Land Studies, 9(2): 125-134.
  • Masahiro Hirata, 1999. Dairy processing systems in south-eastern Asia: A case from an Arabian pastoralist, Baqqāra, in a north-eastern Syria. Ecosofhia, 3: 118-135.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Haruhiro Fujita, and Akira Miyazaki, 1998. Changes in grazing areas and feed resources in a dry area of north-eastern Syria. Journal of Arid Environments, 40: 319-329.

Maria Yotova | Lecturer, Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan  [Profile]

Faculty of Social Sciences
Kwansei Gakuin University

1-1-155 Uegahara, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 662-8501, Japan

E-mail: fwv83020@kwansei.ac.jp

Academic activities

Born in 1978 in Botevgrad, Sofia region, Bulgaria. As a fellow of the Japanese Ministry of Education she studies cultural anthropology with a focus on food and national identity. In her dissertation, based on fieldwork in Bulgaria and Japan, she examines the rise of yogurt from a culturally specific food to a global health-giving product. After acquiring a PhD at the Nationa Museum of Ethnology, Japan, she has been an affiliated researcher at the same instituton and a visiting lecturer at several Japanese universities such as Kyoto University, Shiga Prefecture University and Kwansei Gakuin University. Now she continues her studies on the Bulgarian perceptions of “traditional food”. She is also studying the so called alternative food movements such as the organics, Slow Food, the national food education campaign in Japan, etc.

Academic publications

Books
  • Maria Yotova, 2017. The Bulgarian lyutenitsa: between globalism and the economy of jars. In: М. Arata (ed.), Easting Cultures, Drinking Cultures: A Glocalized World and Food Business. Domes, Tokyo (in print).
  • Maria Yotova, 2016. The Bulgarian immigrants between two worlds. In: Y. Konagaya, M. Suzuki and K. Dan (eds.), World Cinema Studies: Looking at the Contemporary World through Movies. Mensei Shuppan, Tokyo, pp. 174-178.
  • Maria Yotova, 2014. Reflecting authenticity: Grandmother’s yogurt between Bulgaria and Japan. In: N. Domingos, J. M. Sobral and H. G. West (eds.), Food between the Country and the City: Ethnographies for a Changing Global Foodscape, Bloomsbury Academic. London, pp. 280-308.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. “It is the bacillus that makes our milk”: Ethnocentric perceptions of yogurt in post-socialist Bulgaria. In: E. J. Abbots and A. Lavis (eds.), Why We Eat, How We Eat. Contemporary Encounters between Foods and Bodies, Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, pp. 169-186.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. “Bulgaria, the holy land of yogurt”: A brand myth and management philosophy. In: H. Nakamaki and M. Sedgwick (eds.), Business and Anthropology: A Focus on Sacred Space. Senri Ethnological Studies 82, National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, pp. 87-98.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. Yogurt and Bulgaria: Discourses of Past and Present. Toho Shuppan, Osaka.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. The Balkan sheep with a trace in French history. In: Gekkan Minpaku (ed.), The Living Beings That We Eat, Maruzen Shuppan, Tokyo, pp.10-11.
Articles
  • Maria Yotova, 2016. Right” Food, “Responsible” Citizens: State-Promoted Food Education and a Food Dilemma in Japan. Asian Pacific Viewpoint, 57(3): 326-337.
  • Maria Yotova, 2013. Milk as Bulgarian food culture: traditions lost and created. Jinken to buraku mondai, 65(7): 56-61.
  • Maria Yotova, 2012. Representations of Yogurt in Post-socialist Bulgaria: The Museum Exhibition in the Region of Tran. Sokendai Review of Cultural and Social Studies, 8: 159-176.
  • Maria Yotova, 2011. “Bulgaria, the homeland of yogurt”: Traditional food as ethnocentric discourse. Bulgarian Ethnology, 36 (4): 33-55.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Maria Yotova, Kenji Uchida, 2011. The milk processing system in the Balkan Mountains, central Bulgaria: A hypothesis on the development history of mature cheese using mold. Milk Science, 60(2): 85-98.
  • Masahiro Hirata, Maria Yotova, Kenji Uchida and Hidemasa Motoshima, 2010. The milk processing system in the South-west of Bulgaria. Milk Science, 59(3): 237-253.
  • Maria Yotova, 2010. A comparative research on yogurt in Japan and South Korea. Mishima Foundation Reports, 46:151-154.
  • Maria Yotova, 2010. The Bulgarian Yogurt Traditions: Changes and interpretations in a post-socialism reality. Minpaku Anthropology Newsletter, 31: 6-7.

Svetla Rakshieva | Cultural Anthropology, Associate Professor, The Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Science, BULGARIA

Maria Markova | Cultural Anthropology, Associate Professor, The Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Science, BULGARIA

Elka Mincheva | Archiving and Information, The Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Science, BULGARIA